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Surah Al-Kafirun untuk siapa?

 

 

 

 

 

Sesetengah orang Islam sejak kebelakangan ini begitu keberatan untuk menggunakan istilah ‘kafir’ untuk merujuk kepada orang bukan Islam. Rata-rata beranggapan istilah ini terlalu keras dan cuma terpakai untuk mereka yang secara terang-terangan memerangi Islam. Sebaliknya, mereka lebih suka mempergunakan istilah non-muslim, not yet muslim, belum Islam atau yang seangkatan dengannya.

Abul A`la Al-Maududi ada membincangkan istilah kafir ini dalam buku “Asas-asas Islam”. Antara yang dibincangkan ialah maksud perkataan kafir itu sendiri, dengan membawa beberapa contoh penggunaan perkataan tersebut dalam bahasa Arab dan di dalam Al-Quran itu sendiri. Secara ringkas, perkataan kafir, selain dari membawa maksud ingkar juga membawa maksud tutup, dinding dan terlindung. Ertinya orang kafir bukan sahaja mereka yang ingkar, menolak seruan dan memusuhi Allah, bahkan juga merangkumi mereka yang terlindung daripada mengenal fitrah, tertutup pengetahuan mereka daripada seruan Islam dan terdinding daripada melihat hakikat Islam dan keimanan terhadap Allah.

Mari kita telusuri hakikat perkataan kafir ini dengan melihat bagaimana ayat-ayat Allah yang diturunkan khusus kepada orang-orang kafir :

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ (109:1)
• 109:1 “Katakanlah: “”Hai orang-orang yang kafir,”
لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ (109:2)
• 109:2 aku tidak akan menyembah apa yang kamu sembah.
وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ (109:3)
• 109:3 Dan kamu bukan penyembah Tuhan yang aku sembah.
وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ (109:4)
• 109:4 Dan aku tidak pernah menjadi penyembah apa yang kamu sembah.
وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ (109:5)
• 109:5 Dan kamu tidak pernah (pula) menjadi penyembah Tuhan yang aku sembah.
لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ (109:6)
• 109:6 “Untukmulah agamamu dan untukkulah agamaku””.”

Kepada siapakah ayat-ayat ini Allah tujukan, adakah hanya kepada orang yang menentang dan memerangi Islam? Sekiranya-kita perhatikan dengan teliti, ayat-ayat ini diturunkan sebagai menjawab tawaran sebahagian orang orang kafir Quraisy yang tidak menginginkan perpecahan di kalangan kaum mereka yang pada masa itu menguasai Mekah.

Rasulullah adalah daripada Bani Hasyim, keluarga bangsawan yang terhormat, dan cucu kepada Abdul Muttalib yang juga pemimpin yang disegani dalam kalangan orang-orang Quraisy. Dakwah Islam pula diterima oleh mereka yang terkenal dengan sifat-sifat mulia, seperti Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, dan mereka yang memiliki kekayaan seperti Abdurrahman bin Auf dan Uthman bin Affan.

Orang-orang kafir Quraisy yang pada masa itu mementingkan kedudukan mereka sebagai bangsa yang utama di Semenanjung tanah Arab. Mereka tidak menginginkan perpecahan dan mahukan suasana harmoni dikekalkan, demi untuk menjamin kedudukan dan kekayaan mereka, memungut hasil daripada orang-orang yang datang mengunjungi berhala-berhala mereka di sekeliling kaabah. Mereka tidak mahu agama sembahan nenek moyang mereka di cabar dengan agama baru yang dibawa oleh Muhammad.

Mereka inilah yang datang dan membuat tawaran kepada yang pelbagai kepada Rasulullah, yang berbentuk pangkat, wanita dan harta benda. Mereka juga menawarkan supaya berhala sembahan mereka dan Allah disembah secara bergilir-gilir. Mereka datang menawarkan kompromi dan penyelesaian menang-menang, yang memastikan tiada perpecahan dan membolehkan agama mereka dan agama yang baru diseru oleh Rasulullah diamalkan silih berganti.

Mereka inilah yang Allah serukan dengan panggilan wahai orang-orang kafir! Satu seruan dengan keputusan yang muktamad.

Mereka yang dipanggil kafir ini bukan hanya mereka sekadar yang memerangi Islam, kerana pada masa itu belum terjadi apa-apa peperangan di Makkah antara orang Islam dan orang kafir, ketika ayat Makiyyah ini diturunkan.

Alangkah kejinya sekiranya ada umat Islam hari ini yang keberatan pula menggunakan istilah kafir dengan alasan untuk menjaga keharmonian, mengelak perpecahan, mengelak daripada menyinggung perasaan sasaran dakwah mereka dan beralasan bahawa Islam adalah agama rahmat kepada seluruh alam.

Penyelewengan apakan ini? Menyeleweng daripada nas al-Quran yang jelas dan pasti.

Kesudahan kepada kufur adalah NERAKA?

Kesudahan kepada kufur adalah neraka. Kesudahan kepada kufur adalah azab Allah yang pasti, azab yang tidak terbayang peritnya.

Hakikat inilah yang menjadi sebab kepada perlunya dakwah dan tarbiyyah. Dakwah yang tujuannya adalah untuk menyelematkan umat manusia daripada azab seksa dihari akhirat, dan tarbiyyah untuk mendidik manusia agar meletakkan segenap saat daripada hidupnya untuk berusaha mendapat syurga yang tertinggi.

Hakikat wujudnya syurga dan neraka, wujudnya hari pembasalan dan hakikat bahawa setiap manusia akan dihitung amalannya setelah dia dibangkitkan sesudah kematiannya adalah salah satu daripada ciri asas keimanan yang amat dititikberatkan oleh Rasulullah sejak awal dakwahnya. Hakikat ini jugalah yang telah diterangkan oleh Allah dalam ayat-ayat Makkiah dalam Al-Quran, antara ayat yang awal diturunkan oleh Allah.

Hakikat ini jugalah yang menjadi amaran kepada sekalian umat manusia bahawa tiada jalan untuk selamat daripada azab Allah melainkan dengan Islam. Bahkan, hakikat ini jugalah yang menjadikan seoarang yang kafir itu perlu bersegera untuk berubah, dan tidak berlengah-lengah setelah dia melihat kebenaran, kerana kematian boleh menjemputnya pada bila-bila masa dan satu-satunya kesudahan kepada kekufuran adalah azab Allah yang pasti.

Amatlah malang apabila umat Islam yang sepatutnya menjadi penyambung kepada dakwah Rasulullah ini bukan sahaja berhenti memberi peringatan berkaitan azab Allah ini, bahkan malu, takut, dan apologetik daripada mengatakan bahawa kesudahan bagi kufur adalah neraka.

Marilah kita ambil contoh teladan daripada Rasulullah sendiri. Mari kita perhatikan bagaimana dakwah yang Rasulullah usahakan bukan semata-mata bermula dengan berita gembira, perkara-perkara yang baik dan “mudah diterima”, tetapi hakikatnya dimulai dengan peringatan bahawa azab Allah yang menanti.

Inilah kata-kata Rasulullah ketika baginda menjemput kaum kerabatnya untuk menyampaikan seruan Islam: “Sesungguhnya keluarga tidak mendustai sesama keluarga, demi Allah tiada tuhan melainkan Dia, sesungguhnya daku adalah pesuruh Allah, kepada kamu secara khusus dan untuk manusia secara umum. Demi Allah sesungguhnya kematian kamu itu tidak lebih seperti tidur kamu dan kamu akan dibangkitkan semula sama seperti kamu dijagakan dari tidur ini. Sesungguhnya kamu akan dihitung di atas segala amalan yang kamu lakukan, balasannya itu samada ke syurga selama-lamanya atau ke neraka selama-lamanya.”

Begitulah juga ketika Rasulullah memulakan dakwah baginda secara terang-terangan di Makkah. Setelah Baginda mengumpulkan penduduk Makkah, inilah seruan baginda:

“Bagaimana kalau ku katakan kepada kamu kalian, bahawa di sebalik bukit sana ada musuh berkuda akan menyerang kamu, apakah kamu boleh percaya cakap ku itu?” Jawab mereka: “Ya kami percaya, sebab selama ini belum pernah kami berpengalaman, selain dari kebenaranmu.” Maka sambung Rasulullah dengan kata-katanya: “Sesungguhnya aku hendak memberi peringatan kepada kamu kalian bahawa azab sengsara sedang menanti kamu! “

Inilah pedoman yang kita pelajari daripada dakwah Rasulullah sejak daripada permulaan dakwahnya!

Inilah juga antara perkara yang paling awal saya pelajari sejak daripada saya mengenal dunia dakwah dan tarbiyyah, seperti yang telah dinukilkan oleh sahabat saya dalam tulisan beliau: http://dakwah.info/seerah/dakwah-secara-terang-terangan/

Hakikat kesudahan kufur adalah azab neraka adalah satu kepastian yang menggerakkan setiap pendakwah untuk terus bertungkus-lumus dalam usaha dakwahnya, atas dasar kasih sayang untuk menyelamatkan umat manusia daripada azab ini. Kesedaran ini tidak menjadikan mereka lembik dan apologetik, atau menjadikan mereka mengambil jalan mendiamkan peringatan berkenaan azab, kononnya atas alasan ‘dakwah bil-hikmah’ atau untuk menjaga hati orang-orang kafir yang menjadi sasaran dakwahnya.

 

Categories: Islam, Not yet Muslim

Loving the enemy?

January 19, 2014 Leave a comment

58_22

I was refreshing my memorization of the chapter Al-Mujadalah this morning. In the the last verse, i was deeply touched by its meaning:

22. Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity.(58.22)

I was contemplating about the current issues in Malaysia where relation between Musllim and Non-Muslim was tested time and again. Some of the issues have been politicised too much that we loose focus on the real events that are happening.

The Muslim Ummah in Malaysia are too divided into their own political spectrum that all issues, including those pertaining to the Muslim and Islam are subjected to this political inclination. All decision and opinion are based on how much these issues will affect their political aspiration.

Trapped in this political spectrum, some will choose to stay silent if their stance is deemed to be politically unpopular. Many issues are not clearly addressed based on the Islamic principles, and again political correctness took control over any other factors.

Some of the Muslim group then clearly misinterpret the general idea about tolerance, peace and hikmah (which often be translated as wisdom). These values, up to certain extent is part of the message of Islam. However, they may have forgotten that such values are limited to some circumstances and in other circumstances other values may take precedences. There are places where Islam require harshest punishment, and there are conditions where love and mercy are prohibited.

Just like the meaning of verse that I have quoted above, clearly there is no love for those who clearly are the enemy of Islam. Dealing with Non-Muslim, we need to be clear whom are those who are our audience in spreading the word of Islam, and whom are those who clearly is the enemy of Islam and Muslim through their words and action. And of course, these two are not the same and needed to be engaged with using different approaches.

Suicide: How cheap life can be?

December 25, 2013 Leave a comment


zc-percentage-total-suicides-by-method-2000-2003-ca-2007-us

A few days ago, we were visited at home by a volunteer worker, braving heavy snow just to deliver a pamphlet promoting help and support for anyone whom may have any suicidal thought.

In our short conversation, the volunteer informed us that based on the statistics; suicide happened more often during the Christmas holiday season when people whom suffered the loss of loved ones really feels the loss during this time of the year. Often those whom are surviving the holiday season in solitude tend to be more depressed in the cold winter holidays.

In my short, less than a year stay in this part of the world, I have been hearing about suicide all too often. There are cases of teenagers whom committed suicide due to cyber bullying in the social media, there are cases of victims of sexual harassment whom took their own live. And very recently there are 4 cases of suicides in less than 2 weeks among the soldiers whom have recently returned from their tour of duty in Afghanistan. Those suicides prompted widespread media coverage on the lack of support available to the war veterans who is facing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder-PTSD.

On another note, Quebec National Assembly recently tabled a new bill being labelled as “Dying with Dignity Bill” to legalise euthanasia or medical-assisted suicide for those terminally ill patient who choose to end their sufferings.

One might wonder why on earth, especially in a developed country like Canada, there are people who had chosen death over life. After all, this is not a country ravaged with wars or affected by drought or famine and relatively speaking is very safe and has plenty of support given to its people.

This is a country that ensures the workers at any level can earn a decent pay for any job that they do, with the minimum wages are in place. This is the country where people whom loss their job are entitled to almost 70% of their usual pay by claiming their Employment Insurance. The system is described according to their website as “Employment Insurance (EI) provides temporary financial assistance to unemployed Canadians who have lost their job through no fault of their own, while they look for work or upgrade their skills. Canadians who are sick, pregnant, or caring for a newborn or adopted child, as well as those who must care for a family member who is seriously ill with a significant risk of death or who must provide care or support to their critically ill or injured child may also be assisted by Employment Insurance.”

In this country, so much entitlement are given to be able to raise a family with long paid maternity and parental leave for about a year and yet not many people want to have children because of the way they value their life.

Up to this stage, one thing that I can conclude from my observation is that it boils down to the value a person gives to his or her life, the meaning of life itself. If to live is just for the sake of living with no other consequence, then you might as well choose to end your life when it is no more fun to live. If life is about enjoying then what is the need of living when it is no more enjoyable? After all, they say that this is your life and you should have the freedom to choose how you want to live it and by the same token, you should be able to choose how you want it to be ended.

This concept of life is very different when I look from a Muslim perspective. Our live is not simply ours. Our life does not simply belong to us. It is a trust, given to us for a specified time for a specific reason, where all our deeds will be accounted for and we will be answerable to whatever decision we have made, good or bad. This is a one single chance for us to live in the best manner that we can and there will be consequences, reward and punishment. There are specific rules that have been set and we need to obey, and ending your life is not an option.

Without this mission, why bother living?

Suicide Table 2001

Be a Muslim, You Already Are!

December 22, 2013 Leave a comment

La ilaha illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah (3)

Recently, I struck up a conversation with a newly reverted Muslim. He described that he have been living as ‘muslim’ for most of his life, prior to his declaration of syahadah; the declaration that Allah is the only God and Prophet Muhammad is His Messenger, which signify his reversion to Islam.

This is not the first time I hear something of that sort. In fact, Prophet Muhammad once said that “Every child is born in the state of ‘fitrah’, the parents then raise them as Jew, Christian or Majusi” as narrated by Bukhari and Muslim.

Islam is the religion of submission. Muslim are those who submit themselves in entirety to rules of Allah. The fact is that the whole universe is submitting to the rules of Allah. Every single thing in the universe is behaving in manner according to the rules of Allah, and none have the choice to behave differently. The law of nature is actually the rules that Allah have set.

Mankind are subjected to the law of nature, hence is also obeying the rules of Allah. The human body is behaving in a way that Allah have set, certain things is good for the body, certain things may harm it, the physical, biological and physiological parts of the human body is obeying the rules of Allah, and have no other choice but to obey. The heart will stop at a time already fixed by Allah. No matter how good our knowledge in science and how good our technology in medicine, none may run away from his imminent death. In essence, part of every human being is submitting to the rules of Allah, hence he or she is a Muslim.

However, being a special creation of Allah, mankind are given the freewill, the faculty of thought, and the ability to choose and think and with those gifts, come a great responsibility in which all mankind will be answerable in front of Allah for all the choice that they have made in their life. There shall be a day of reckoning, a day of which all good deeds no matter how small shall be rewarded and no bad deeds no matter how small shall be left unaccounted.

Muslim will never be alone. In submitting to Allah, the one and only god, the Muslim is living in coherence with the entire universe. In fact, in every men and women, no matter what is their religion, belief or cultural background, part of them are already a Muslim, unconsciously submitting to the law of Allah, the one and only god.

 

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